D.U.C.K. - Distributed Utilization of Configurations and Knowledge Proposal


We are proposing the initiative DUCK, Distributed Utilization of Configurations and Knowledge, with the goal to equip Lido node operators and beyond with open-source resources enhancing operations and mitigating risks in running staking infrastructure. Through the development of a Risk Framework, Mitigations & Controls Library, and the Communications Toolkit, node operators will have access to assets that they can customize based on their own unique setup and operations. This initiative seeks to adhere to the GOOSE framework and contribute to one of the proposed objectives in Hasu’s GOOSE Submission, to “attract a large number of high performance validators within the market”.

Purpose & Motivation

The wide usage of the Lido protocol in Ethereum’s staking ecosystem is powered by the ever-expanding set of node operators who use it. Each operator, with its unique operational methodology, contributes to the protocol’s strength and resilience. This diversity of processes, tools, systems, and geographies within the group of operators should be further nurtured and promoted.

With expected growth in the operator set, each with different team structures and sizes, global footprints, and operational complexities, collaborative and cooperative mechanisms should be devised. They should enable operators to effectively grasp crucial insights on risk management and mitigation, control measures, and operational best practices, information must not only be an open-source resource. It must be also presented in an organized, clear, and understandable manner.

The primary objective of this proposal is to bootstrap and facilitate community engagement with respect to information around node operator excellence. The community shall be encouraged to meaningfully contribute to the content and to engage in self-regulation when it comes to the utilization and review of these resources.

By disseminating and providing easy access to this knowledge, the node operator community will be empowered to increase robustness. It will ensure that all operators, irrespective of their technical proficiency, can engage with a wealth of information, experiences, and methodologies to adapt and customize to their own specific service model. Such an initiative not only bolsters the decentralization ethos Lido upholds, but also sets the stage for a more informed, inclusive, and robust staking landscape overall as stated in [Hasu’s GOOSE Submission].


Our proposal outlines the development of open-source resources aimed at supporting node operators with dedicated information covering knowledge and tools on risk management, mitigations, controls measures and best practices in the industry.

Delivery Approach

The proposal focus is on the Alpha Release. That includes the delivery of three components (A, B, C) within four months. We will kickstart with a public call for participation, inviting any node operators who are willing to contribute to the working group building towards the Alpha Release. Together with the volunteer node operators and our teams, we will ensure efficient completion.

The Alpha Release is designed to establish a robust groundwork for engagement with an initial focus group during the following Beta Phase. This initial focus group will include smaller and larger operators who will evaluate the utility and contribute to the content of the Alpha Release. The Beta phase will also include work around the post-handover governance process that encompasses the ongoing maintenance, editing, and updating of the content. Potential ways can be engagements with other protocols and their DAOs to accomplish mutual funding for the maintenance work. An alternative can be the creation of a DAO that can fund itself through operator support or certification services on top of the content.

Following this, the Beta Release will undergo a comprehensive review by a wider audience, encompassing both minor and major operators, to ensure its refinement before the Public Release. This phase will be used for the transition to the previously designed post-handover model.

To accomplish the deliveries, we propose to create five teams with expertise in the required fields. The Creation team is leading the resource creation by coordinating and supporting the other teams. The Risk team is contributing to risk related components of the delivery. The Security team is contributing insights in security procedures and standards, and the InfraOps team & Volunteers team is providing infrastructure and operational insights as well as expertise contributions.

All resources will be released under the Apache 2.0 copyright license, enabling open collaboration, innovation, and free use of the resources by the community.

The detailed Alpha Release work breakdown for the different workstreams is as follows:

Delivery Team

The Delivery Team is responsible for producing the required deliverables and ensuring that all content is presented accurately and timely, driving the project towards its objectives.

The Delivery Team will work closely with Lido DAO NOM workstream contributors and relevant stakeholders in the Alpha Release.

Fees & Payment

The total funding request is $77,600.00, payable in DAI, for the Alpha Release. The proposed payment structure involves an initial 50% ($38,800.00) payment to commence the work, followed by the remaining 50% ($38,800.00) upon final delivery approval.

At the end of the project, the Lido DAO NOM workstream will determine if all listed deliverables have been achieved in quantity and quality and, if that is the case, proceed with the payment.

After completion of the Alpha Release, the delivery team will evaluate necessary efforts for completion of the Beta and Public Release and intents to request appropriate funding in a new proposal.

All payments will be made to this Ethereum address: eth:0x1b28728B06BEEd3a5363DA146B59dB372bbAd047


I’m glad to say that the LEGO council resoundingly approved this grant request.

NOM workstream contributors have been in discussions with with the teams supporting this initiative for the last few months, and it’s nice to see the proposal fleshed out in public.

I’m very excited about both the open spirit of how the work will be approached (and would love to see high participation from the Lido NO set), as well as the deliverables/artifacts themselves.



Thank you Izzy, thank you for all your support! Looking forward to making this happen :duck::duck::duck:


I fully support the DUCK initiative! :duck:

Sharing knowledge across Lido node operators is an essential step toward increasing the resilience of the Lido protocol. It lowers the entry barriers for new operators and provides a platform to leverage for future V2 modules. This proposal aligns with the ethos of decentralization, and I’m excited about the prospect of all Ethereum node operators having access to organized, open-source resources. The emphasis on community engagement and collaborative effort is something that I would like to support in any way that I can. Let’s push this forward and work together to ensure the longevity and success of our staking infrastructure!


Really thrilled about this initiative. The amount of knowledge and experience we have laying dormant in the curated set of Node Operators is massive, glad that’s being opened up the the broader community. I’ve talked to a few Node Operators about this, and they all seemed to be very keen on sharing their knowledge, which is already awesome. It’s great Lego is facilitating this initiative. LDG!


I only have a couple of words of caution around this proposal and perhaps is more something to be wary of during delivery and any future discussion around adoption or ‘assessment’ vs. the framework of NOs:

  1. There should be an agreed level of granularity beyond which this work should not pursue. This will allow there to continue to be diversity, at least at the detailed level, of implementation of Node Operators. The worst effect of this work would be if all operators start running in the same way.
  2. (related to 1) I’d argue against any future proposal of assessing NOs vs. the framework and documentation developed because, again, the risk of homogeneity.

Fully agreed on the first account, and it’s why I (in discussions leading up to the formation of the proposal) did my best to steer this away from creating a “standard” but rather towards a system for the formalization of relevant knowledge into frameworks that can be applied across spectra of maturity levels (from small to large operators, from small to large numbers of validators, from immature to more mature orgs, from less automated to more automated setups, from cloud-based to baremetal-based infra, etc).

The second point I would like to prod a little bit. I think open frameworks like this will be necessary to gauge the quality of node operators at a level that can scale. In my opinion if this proposal and overall efforts succeeds it won’t really create one framework, but many, so it should be relatively doable to match an NO to a sub-set of established practices that fits their “persona” so to speak. To wit, it should be an exercise that leads to the improvement in quality of a robust set of variations on how to run nodes well (at scale), versus a tendency towards a singular “best” one. If the latter occurs, I agree it’s certainly undesirable and should be avoided. In this vein, the assessment should be more of a “community accountability” type thing, where I imagine third parties (e.g. security auditors, process auditors, and other consulting type orgs) – bust most importantly, peers – could come in and review an NO against relevantly applied sub-sets of this framework, but it would not be necessarily so that that review/assessment has a direct impact on things like stake allocation, but it could be something that is taking into account.


Thanks for highlighting your concerns! As Izzy mentioned, we are fully focussed on trying to cover as many design options as possible with a granularity level, that does not lead to a reduced diversity across the operator landscape. We will keep that in mind during the work on this initiative :+1:

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Thank you both @Izzy and @JulianU . I can see that the aim is to ensure / improve overall quality but I am reassured that you’re both conscious of the risks around “standardization” :pray:


Call out to the node operator community

Hi all,

We need your feedback & input on the upcoming initiative. To get in touch with the team, please use this form. We appreciate your support and are excited to co-create D.U.C.K. with you!

Looking forward to connecting and best regards from the team!
:duck: :duck:



Is there someone here who is handling the documentation who we can reach out to?

I represent Simply Staking and we are a node operator. We have a Tool that we would think would fit perfectly on the documentation.

For reference, the tool is an Ethereum Doppelganger checker tool: GitHub - SimplyStaking/DoppelBuster: Ethereum doppelganger checker tool


Hi @Damien, sent you a DM! Thanks for reaching out!

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Hi all,

We have exciting news to share with you:

:rocket: :duck: The Initial Draft of D.U.C.K. is live! :duck: :rocket:

For the last 2 months, the :duck:-expert teams have been working on putting together a first version of the D.U.C.K. Knowledge Base. We are finally there and thrilled to share it with the Lido community and beyond!

Over the next 4 weeks we will be gathering feedback from all the great contributors who have signed up to support this initiative on the road to Alpha Release at the end of March. This will help us to ensure that the content is best suited to support the wider Node Operator community!

If you would like to take a look at the Initial Draft yourself, please visit the D.U.C.K. GitBook!



Great stuff!

Just looked through it and there are some tools from our end might be useful to others as well (refering to Collection of Tools, Scripts & Templates - D.U.C.K. - Knowledge Base ):