ITB - Lido Risk Management Tools

Author: IntoTheBlock (ITB) Research

Key Points

  • Through its Quant Platform, ITB customers have been deploying hundreds of millions into Lido protocols. As part of that, ITB has developed fairly sophisticated risk management models to protect assets deployed into the strategies.
  • ITB DeFi Risk Radar is a new offering to monitor risk in DeFi based on the experience of the ITB DeFi Quant platform. Prior to its launch, ITB has partnered with over 20 of the top DeFi protocols in the market to a consistent experience for automated risk monitoring.
  • The goal of this proposal is to outline a potential partnership with Lido for the ITB Risk Radar. This proposal is not about analytics but risk signals used to protect institutional capital at scale.

The ITB Research and Engineering teams have three years of experience in DeFi, integrating and delivering products to help institutional and retail users better understand and deploy capital into the DeFi ecosystem. The main products delivered by ITB are the DeFi Quant Platform, DeFi Risk Radar and Analytics app

  • The ITB Quant Platform serves as the gateway to many of the largest crypto institutions to access DeFi yields via sophisticated quantitative strategies with corresponding risk management models. Through this platform, ITB has allocated $1B+ into DeFi, including $200M+ into Lido products.
  • ITB’s DeFi Risk Radar App is a new product, spinning off the risk management used to secure the Quant Platform. ITB has partnered with 20+ blue-chip protocols to democratize access to risk monitoring tools, creating greater transparency and ultimately attracting more inflows into DeFi protocols.
  • The ITB Analytics App that tracks cryptocurrencies, NFTs, and DeFi protocol metrics. The Analytics app is used by users directly through ITB’s platform and through 300+ institutional partners’ websites.

As the largest liquid staking provider, it is important for Lido and its users to understand and monitor any potential risks to the protocol. ITB’s Risk Radar aims to complement existing Lido analytics, leveraging ITB’s expertise at securing institutional capital at scale. The key objective of this proposal is to setup a baseline for risk monitoring and management in Lido that will allow institutions to deploy capital into the protocol at scale.

The risk indicators outlined below are intended to identify and monitor both intrinsic and extrinsic risks to the Lido protocol:

Risk Indicator Category Description Visualization Why is it Useful?
Historical Lido Rebases Protocol Status Historical data on Lido rebases and future expected rebases based on current track Line graph with a confidence band on expected rebase A lower than expected rebase is one of the initial triggers for bunker mode on Lido. A abnormal rebase can be a leading indicator of consensus problems on Lido or mainnet
Lido Withdrawal Time Protocol Status The time it takes to withdraw stETH to ETH from the Lido network Line graph that is a time range Increasing unstaking times can indicate uncertainty in PoS system. This can also be a leading indicator of increased price impact when swapping from stETH to ETH if the unstake queue becomes too long
Bunker Mode Trigger Status Protocol Status Information tracking the status of the parameters for entering Bunker Mode Table If Bunker Mode being triggered usually indicates a situation where prices on stETH could be volatile and can affect LPs and lenders
stETH Staking Age Distribution Protocol Status Distribution of stETH holding time, showing what percentage of supply has been held for <1 day, 1 day - 1 week, 1 week - 1 month, 1 month - 3 months, 3 months - 6 months, 6 months - 1 year and 1 year+ Stacked Area Spot trends among LSTs if users are holding stETH as a store of value or if they are seeking the highest staking APR. This can help identify points of volatility for stETH
Historical Consensus Client Distribution Validators The distribution of consensus clients being run by nodes Stacked Area High concentration of client distribution puts Lido and mainnet at higher risk of chain halts or invalid blocks
Historical Blockspace Distribution Validators The distribution of blockspace proposed by different builders Stacked Area High concentration of blocks by the same builders could lead to attempted collusion or censorship that affects Lido
Lido Missed Block Ratio Validators Number of missed blocks by Lido Validators compared to the total missed blocks by all validators Line chart of Ratio and Lido Dominance missed block ratio helps determine if Lido NOs are performing well. Large gap between missed block ratio and Lido market dominance ratio would indicate issues with Lido NOs
Lido Slash Ratio Validators Number of slashes compared to total number of slashes Line chart of Ratio and Lido Dominance Slash ratio helps determine if Lido node operators are performing well. A Large gap between the slash ratio and Lido market dominance ratio would indicate issues with Lido NOs and higher risk of capital loss for stakers
Average Validator Lifespan Validators Area chart that is composed of buckets representing the total count of NOs in each bucket and a line chart showing the average lifespan of all NOs Stacked Area w/ Line chart for Total Average Increasing validator lifespan signals a more robust network and profitability for validators to secure the network
Oracle Consensus Distribution Validators Historical distribution of oracles that have voted to reach consensus on validator reports Stacked Area W/ toggle to switch between Accounting Oracle and Exit Bus Oracle High concentration of consensus votes among a certain selection of oracles increases collusion risk of misreported oracle data or forced exits of specific validators
wstETH Flows by Chain stETH Markets The in and outflows of wstETH to each L2 chain Flow chart Indicate trends in wstETH usage among L2s and potential exposure risks
Collateral Risk Tolerance stETH Markets Size of health factor drawdown before repay Stacked Area similar to Health Factor Chart Addresses that have higher risk tolerance before they pay down debts will be more exposed to liquidation in volatile markets. High risk tolerance across stETH markets could lead to large liquidation events
Leveraged Staking Share stETH Markets Percentage of (w)stETH liquidity provided that is made up from recursively looping ETH into stETH collateral Stacked Area Provides a sense of how to expect liquidity to behave when rewards/yields change
Liquidation Profitability Simulation stETH Markets Indicator showing the predicted profitability that lilquidators would make Line chart If liquidations are not profitable, positions will accrue bad debt. Bad debt in a market will reduce usage in the market.
stETH DEX Slippage stETH Markets Amount of stETH to be bought/sold to move its price by a given percentage, based on 1Inch aggregator data Amount needed to change the price in total. 1 tab for snapshot, another for historical To understand how vulnerable stETH is to slippage and how resilient its peg is
Pool Asset Distribution stETH Markets Distribution of assets for stETH pools in Balancer Stacked Line Imbalanced distribution of assets within stable pools can lead to slippage conditions and precede de-pegging events
DEX Exit Fee Simulation stETH Markets Simulations projecting stETH slippage for depositors if whale addresses withdraw their liquidity Bar + Line Projects slippage conditions if largest depositors withdraw
DEX Pool Concentration stETH Markets Amount and percentage of liquidity provided by largest addresses into stETH pools Bar chart Provides insight into the reliance a pool has on whales to provide liquidity depth

The goal of this tool is to promote open access to the risk management models that ITB has used to safeguard hundreds of millions in DeFi deployments for institutional clients. Additionally, the integration of the Risk Radar dashboard will give Lido greater exposure to these institutions while providing them with additional assurances when deciding deployment strategies within the LST space.

ITB is requesting a grant of $48,000 to build the risk monitoring tool for the Lido protocol. The grant will cover the following deliverables:

  • Risk API: REST API enabling access to risk indicators for Lido
  • Risk Dashboard: Web interface displaying the 18 custom-made Lido risk metrics
  • Documentation: Complete documentation of all risk indicators included in the release


The aim would be to have the Lido ITB Risk Radar product available with these proposed indicators 2-4 months after the final grant terms have been agreed upon.

Milestones & Expenses:

  1. Upfront payment ($12k)
  2. Signals 1-9 (dashboard + API) ($12k)
  3. Signals 10-18 (dashboard + API) ($12k)
  4. Documentation covering risk dynamics and indicators ($12k)

Thanks for posting this! Reviewing the proposal today and I’ll get back to you with some more info.


Hi @kethfinex just checking here to see if you had the chance to go over the proposal. We’d be happy to consider any feedback from yourself and the broader Lido community.

So for now Lido DAO contributors have already implemented (or are working on) most of the metrics proposed in the proposal above, in which case it’s not super relevant right now unfortunately. A “Liquidity Committee” is in the process of coming together in the next few weeks which will make decisions based on these metrics, at which point I think it’s worth re-discussing the proposal. So let’s touch base in 3-4 weeks and see if we have additional feedback from them if that works for you.


Hi @kethfinex thanks for taking the time to review the proposal. We understand that many of these metrics may be being worked on. In that case, we would also be happy to adjust some of the metrics if you or someone else from Lido has feedback.

Moreover, the ITB risk dashboard will also bring additional value to Lido by giving direct access to some of the largest institutions in crypto. Creating transparent risk tooling as proposed will help bring greater confidence into Lido and contribute to inflows over time.

Happy to help if there’s any way we can assist the Liquidity Committee through this process.

1 Like

interesting, keep it going

Hi @kethfinex just following up on this. Did you receive any feedback from the Liquidity Committee on the proposal? Please let us know how we can help support this proposal. There also seems to be some interest from the community